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How much do solar panel installations cost?

Power My Home and car with PV solar panels in the UK.
Solar panels made easy.

EV charging with PV solar panels in the UK.

Which solar panels are best? Flat-plate solar heating or PV solar panels?

Domestic solar panels come in two types; PV solar panels and solar heating panels. These types of installations are commonly confused, but PV-tech can do the job of both.

Frequently asked questions.

Solar heating or PV solar electric panels?
Find local MCS installers. Questions about solar heating panels
Find local MCS installers. Questions about PV solar panels
Find local MCS installers. Solar jargon
Find local MCS installers. Ask us

Do we get enough sunshine in the UK?

The UK receives 60% of the solar energy compared with the equator. Each square metre of the UK receives between 900-1400 kWh annually of solar radiation each year.

Modern solar panels work well in diffused light conditions which allow them to work even on cloudy days.

Naturally, clouds come in many different densities, but solar panels will be able to capture most levels of diffused sunlight.

Is my home suitable?

Yes, if you have a South/South East/South West facing roof space.

Do I need planning permission?

No. From 6th April 2008 planning permission will not be required for solar panels unless you live in a listed building. Even then, most councils will allow installations in most cases.

The science bit.

In a nutshell, when the sun's radiation/energy enters the earth's atmosphere, it does so as a short-wave. When these short-waves hit something, then it converts to long-wave.

How long do they last?

Solar heating panels, including evacuated tubes and thermodynamic panels, have a longevity of around 30 years.

PV installed in the 1960s is still working today, which makes it the longest lasting.

Can they add value to my property?

A 2009 survey by MORI found people are willing to pay more for a solar-equipped home (owned by the homeowner) compared to one without.

"PV is a significant step forward for humanity" - Elon Musk.

Will they replace my energy bills?

No, you won't be able to replace your current energy supply totally, but you could get close to a realistic budget and the implementation of different panel installation combinations.

Upgrading a hot water tank.

People now see these installations, as an investment into your home and energy future.

Imagine converting your car to LPG, then running it on semi-flat tyres. Your old tank is very inefficient and probably scaled up with limescale. A modern super-efficient tank is installed as part of the facility to bring your heating system up to current efficiency standards.

What grants or incentives are available?

The government has created the (RHI) Renewable Heat Incentive Scheme, which will pay property owners to generate heat from technology such as evacuated tubes and heat pumps, an average of 8.5p per kWh produced for a guaranteed eighteen year period. This scheme brings down the payback period and helps the government achieve its CO2 emissions targets, which our government has signed up to international targets. A double win situation.

This scheme's reward will go down every three years, so it's better to install sooner, rather than later.

We don't use much hot water, how can this help us?

At the moment the water in your hot water tank has to stay above 60° Celcius (to prevent Legionella), which means your current heating method is continuously firing up to keep your water above 60° Celcius. Your boiler or immersion heater will still be holding your tank heated up, so yes, it will always benefit your heating bills.

Save 70% on your energy bill, how?

There are many reasons for installing this technology into your home; increasingly, people are making the deciding to introduce sustainable energy for cold, hard economic reasons.

This technology system should reduce your water heating bills by about 70%, with the system paying for itself in five to ten years, depending on your household's water consumption.

During the spring, summer and early autumn months, The 'solar heating system' should generate all if not nearly all, your hot water requirements. Even in the coldest winter months, it should generate around 50% of your requirements, meaning that your existing boiler merely has to top up' the temperature of the water to the required level, rather than heating it from almost freezing!

Can solar panels be added to flat-roofs?

Yes, on an A-frame to angle the panels at 20 and 50°.

What can this technology do?

50% of all the domestic systems installed in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Denmark and Norway were to supply space heating systems, while in Sweden and Canada it was more. These countries have a similar climate in the UK.

These installations keep an abundant supply of hot water in your hot water tank, thus extending the lifespan of your boiler because, for most of the year, your boiler won't use it at all.

How much energy will it produce?

Independently tested, the panels delivered 900-1400 kWh (3.6 GJ) of clean green, energy (depending on geographical location) per year in the United Kingdom. It saves far more bought-in energy. Peak output is 1.6 kW, similar to an immersion heater.

(Performance varies per domestic household, depending on your microclimate and geographical location, but on average, an evacuated tube system will supply all your hot water needs from March - September, and most, but not all, in the winter months).

What temperatures can I expect?

On sunny days, temperatures of 75C can be achieved (45C hot enough for bathing), but this is dependent on your microclimate, geographical position within the UK and the type of technology installed. On cloudy days this will still reduce the need to use your boiler, thus extending your boiler life.

Do I get hot water during the winter months?

Even during cloudy days in winter, you can expect some gain, through diffused radiation, which bathes the earth even on cloudy days. The light penetrates and is scattered around. With darker and more compact cloud formations - solar panels won't work at all.

Although we do our best to keep prices reasonable, there are the customers we spoke to two years ago who wished they had repurchased then.

Is there any ongoing maintenance?

The system is kept clean by weathering, just like Velux windows. A periodic check every three to four years. Check the PH level of the antifreeze solution, but other than that, you can fit it and forget it.

Which is best, evacuated solar tubes or flat-plate?

Some people prefer the aesthetics of flat-plate. The flat-plate is the best efficiency of all the flat-plate on the UK market today. With both systems being of excellent quality, this is the main reason we promote both flat-plate and tubes so that you can choose for aesthetic reasons.

Do I need to clean my solar panels?

A quality system will usually have a self-cleaning glass surface. However, depending on your location, and may be more prone to environmental dirt, i.e. Tree resin, urban dust or bird Poo. If these are an issue, then most window cleaners can reach and clean, or you may use a professional solar panel cleaning company.

"PV-heating converters work side-by-side with most central heating systems and all year round."

About PV solar panel installations

The Basics.

PV solar panels categorised as:

Monocrystalline give a better output, but cost more than poly panels.

What grants or incentives are available?

The government created the (FIT) Clean Energy Cashback Scheme, which will pay property owners to generate their electricity from this technology. The payment is currently at 4.39 pence per kWh produced for a guaranteed 20 year period. This scheme brings down the payback period and helps the government achieve its CO2 emissions targets.

This scheme's reward will go down every three years, so it's better to install sooner, rather than later.

Will they produce all my electricity needs?

In most cases, no, but this depends on your energy consumption rate and the size of the system installed. Large-sized systems might be able to.

How much electricity can a PV system produce?

Each case is different, but a PV solar panel installation would generate approximately 750 kWh/year per kWp installed. So a typical two KW system would produce around 1500 kWh per year. A hot water installation at Peak output is 1.6 kW, similar to an immersion heater, or 1,500 kWh and 2,000 kWh annually.

What does on-grid mean?

When PV is producing electricity, and you are not using it, then it will automatically feed the power out to the National Grid and credited for your contribution. With modern feed-in tariff scheme, you will get paid for the energy you consume in your home and the electricity you export too. It has never been such a good time to install PV technology.

Do they have to be installed on a roof?

PV arrays can easily be installed on A-frames or ground-mounted.

Why solar, not wind?

Installing a domestic-scale wind turbine for most homes in the UK is unsuitable because of:

1. Planning restrictions
2. Unreliable urban wind speeds and poor outputs.
3. Structural issues with attaching a wind turbine to a home.

For a large-scale basis or around coastal areas and windswept hills, but your average common-a-garden urban locations mean performance and efficiency will be low. You need a large-sized turbine to make a dent in the average home's utility bills. Government testing has confirmed this. Urban locations don't have high enough wind speeds with vibration problems that could lead to structural property damage.

"The output of domestic-scale wind turbine on a pitched roof house in a large city such as Manchester as an example would be less than 150 kWh a year; which is 2% of the energy consumption of an average house."

"PV systems installed in the 1960's are still generating electricity today. A real testament to this technologies longevity."

Renewable Energy Consumer Code Approved

Solar panel jargon

"Solar panels come with technical terms used within the industry. Do you know polycrystalline from monocrystalline?"


Is a unit of measurement of the 'peak output'. A KW (Kilowatt) is made up of 1000 kWh (Kilowatt-hour).


'Photo-Voltaic'. Photo refers to ' Photon' which is a particle usually emitted from the sun. Voltaic refers to 'Volt' of electrical current.


A type of PV or photovoltaic panel system. Usually the most efficient of the three categories of PV converting up to 15% of the photons hitting the panel into usable electricity. This equation is the peak performance rating.


A type of PV or photovoltaic panel system. The most widely used forms of PV system which can convert up to 12% of the photon's hitting the panel. Panel sizes range from 120 - 180 watts per panel. This equation is the peak performance rating.


A type of PV or photovoltaic panel system. Once dubbed as the saviour of solar technology because it is cheap to produce, this gives a convert rating of only 7% of the photon's hitting the panel and polycrystalline panels that have come down in price. This calculation means consumers prefer a higher conversion rate of these systems over thin-film options.

Peak output.

The maximum amount of energy generated when the system is producing. This time in the United Kingdom when the sun is directly above without cloud cover in the summer months. The panels provide energy with or without cloud cover.


An integral part of a PV system which switches the current from DC (Direct current) in a more useful AC (alternating current), which can then be used by your appliances or sold to the National Grid.

DC Isolator.

A widely used on or off switch' in most large-scale electrical machinery which prevents the system working.

Generation meter.

A smaller indoor or larger commercial display unit to record your daily, monthly or annual PV technology production rates.

Mains board.

The distribution part of an electrical system, routing the power around the house and usually contains fuses to prevent a current overload.


Usually manufactured in Aluminium to save weight and corrosion, the a-frame allow panels on a flat-roof or ground-mounted.

Anti-reflex coating.

The last you want is to reflect light away from your collector. Anti-reflex coating gives a protective layer with anti-reflection properties.

Roof rails.

The mounting area which comes between the roof anchors and the panels themselves. The roof rails are required to be precisely parallel with each other for a perfect alignment of the array.


PV panel systems can be used alongside the National Grid (on-grid) or separately while storing any excess power in a battery (off-grid). Most familiar type is on-grid systems because they allow you to be paid a tariff for your excess.

Feed-in tariffs.

A financial reward for the production of electricity or heat by alternative technologies. Most familiar with solar panels, the feed-in tariff is paid to the home or business owner for the excess power relayed into the National Grid.

National Grid.

The network of power aligns which span the entire country. Usually associated with Pylons, the network or grid systems also spans the underground urban environments right up to your front door.


PV panels are made up of individual cells. Each cell converts sunlight to Electrons, and all those of Electrons directed into channels and wires. A collective array (panel) increases the watts generated and the amount of power produced.


An alternative technical phrase for a collective.


A particle emitted from light. The sun is the most significant emitter of photons and can be used to power and heat our homes with alternative technologies.


An electrical current is made up of these. Electrons are always attracted to Earth, which can be manipulated to create electricity and power our appliances.

Part P.

An electric qualification required by law to install solar panels. Most PV installers come from an electrician background.


The 'Micro Certification Scheme' (MCS) was set up in 2010 to regulate the quality of alternative technologies and the installers who install them.


As part of the process of installing, an inspection of the property will be required to assess suitability, roof access, wire/pipe routing and other technical potential issues. This procedure should take no longer than half an hour, and with the correct information.


A form of calculation which allows a solar company to work out the potential productivity of a solar installation accurately.


A type of electricity-generating solar panels which include and monocrystalline and polycrystalline modules. 'Photo' refers to the Photons emitted by the sun and 'Voltaic' refers to the Volts of power produced by this technology.

Solar heating panels.

A type of solar panel for heating water (thermal) and in some cases space heating. These kinds of technology come in three categories. Evacuated tubes, thermodynamic and flat-plate glazed panels.

Thermodynamic panels.

A concept in technology, which embraces the benefits of solar and heat pump technologies. This (thermodynamic) hybrid technology allows the user to gain heat for heating and hot water all the year round and even on rainy and wintery days.

Evacuated tubes

A type of thermal heating panel, which use vacuum tubes (evacuated tubes) to accumulate heat from the sun. This kind of technology comes in two models, 'direct-flow' which circulate the Glycol anti-freeze solution through the actual glass tubes and 'heat pipes' which heat up a copper tube within the tubes and heat up the Glycol mixture in the header section. 'Direct-flow is the most efficient of these two systems.


A type of thermal heating collector (flat-plate panels), which uses a flat glazed appearance to gather the sun's energy. Flat-plate panels categorised as 'on-roof' and 'in-roof' panels which added to various types of roof coverings. A-frames can be used for ground-mount and flat-roof installations. In-roof installations are favourite because they are designed to give the appearance of a Velux style window.


An industry term for a panel or array of evacuated tubes.

Pump station.

An integral part of a solar heating system which contains the pump and necessary valves to fill, maintain and alter the settings of the Glycol flow.


A specialist anti-freeze mixture with a balanced pH level to transfer the heat collected in the collector down to the storage tank. The flow of the glycol mixture set to '3 bar' pressure.

Expansion vessel.

A small tank, which is designed to allow expansion of the Glycol mixture. The breathable ability allows the system to reach very high and low temperatures without breaking any of the system components.


A digital box which records the daily, weekly or annual yields of your system. The controller also allows you to change the settings. Consult with your original installer.


Traditional hot water tanks are very inefficient and unsuitable for this technology. A solar-tank has much better heat preservation properties than a standard tank and incorporate a solar coil to route the heated glycol inside.

Solar coil.

A finned coil which resides inside a hot water tank. All used in partnership with a traditional immersion heater coil, but if you are heating your water tank with the sun, then your immersion heater coil will be used far less, thus saving money on expensive oil, gas or electricity.

Un-vented tanks.

A commonly used hot water tank when installing alternative technologies, un-vented or pressurised tanks conserve the heat input much better than a standard vented system. Most people prefer a pressurised system because it gives quicker fill times in the bath.

Vented tanks.

Vented tanks work alongside a cold refill tank in the loft. Gravity feeds the hot water tank. This type of system is unsuitable for these types of technologies.


The glazing type used in higher quality panels and tubes. The low iron content of the glass allows more of the sun's energy to absorb rather than reflected in the standard glass.

Renewable Heat Incentive.

An incentive scheme which rewards the adopters of solar heating technology with a feed-in tariff style financial payments. The Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) scheme is a pioneering and world first for the adoption of alternative heating technologies and provides a significant return on investment.

Clean Energy Cashback Scheme.

An incentive scheme designed to reward adopter of solar electric technology with the Clean Energy Cashback Scheme (feed-in tariffs). The payments delivered to the householder or business or the electricity they produce. This incentive provides a financial reward to install and with the savings on the energy bills, it provides a significant return on investment.

G3 qualification.

An installer who works on pressurised or un-vented tanks or cylinder needs to be G3 qualified to do so. Do not let anybody without this accreditation install a pressurised tank in your home.

Pressure Meter.

An integral part of the pump station, this gauge allows the installer to set the three bar pressure and the homeowner to check in the future.

Flow meter.

An integral part of the pump station, which allows the installer to set the flow rate of the pump and the homeowner to check in the future.

Non-return valve.

Some heating systems use a variable flow pump, which alternate the flow according to the amount of heat generated by the collector. A non-return valve prevents gravity flow and only forward only flow.

Safety relief valve.

Prevent over-pressurisation and increases safety. Excess Glycol can safely expel into a bottle similar to your sink overflow system.

Compression joints.

There are two ways to connect the pipes to a solar heat installation. The old-fashioned way is brazing/soldering. We would recommend that your installer uses the 'compression' style of connecting pipework to prevent future leaks.


Armoflex is the insulation sleeves that wrap around the pipes of your heating system. This layer protects the heat from external weathering and keeps the heat from escaping down the length of your piping.

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